Bio

Clinical Focus


  • Neonatology
  • Neonatal Intensive Care
  • Neonatal Resuscitation
  • High-Stakes Communication
  • Healthcare Simulation
  • Human Performance Optimization

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Associate Director, Center for Advanced Pediatric and Perinatal Education (CAPE, cape.stanford.edu) (2015 - Present)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, American Academy of Pediatrics (2009 - Present)
  • Member, Society for Simulation in Healthcare (2012 - 2016)
  • Member, Society for Pediatric Research (2013 - Present)
  • Member, California Association of Neonatologists (2013 - Present)
  • Member, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (2014 - Present)
  • Member, International Pediatric Simulation Society (2014 - Present)

Professional Education


  • Fellowship:Stanford University School of Medicine (2015)
  • Board Certification: Pediatrics, American Board of Pediatrics (2012)
  • Residency:UCSD Medical Center (2012) CA
  • Internship:UCSD Medical Center (2010) CA
  • Medical Education:Washington Univ School Of Med (2009) MO

Research & Scholarship

Projects


  • Determination of the rate of common deviations from the NRP algorithm and evaluation of focused strategies for remediation, CAPE at Stanford

    Location

    Palo Alto, CA

Publications

All Publications


  • Impact of Standardized Communication Techniques on Errors during Simulated Neonatal Resuscitation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY Yamada, N. K., Fuerch, J. H., Halamek, L. P. 2016; 33 (4): 385-392

    Abstract

    Aim Current patterns of communication in high-risk clinical situations, such as resuscitation, are imprecise and prone to error. We hypothesized that the use of standardized communication techniques would decrease the errors committed by resuscitation teams during neonatal resuscitation. Methods In a prospective, single-blinded, matched pairs design with block randomization, 13 subjects performed as a lead resuscitator in two simulated complex neonatal resuscitations. Two nurses assisted each subject during the simulated resuscitation scenarios. In one scenario, the nurses used nonstandard communication; in the other, they used standardized communication techniques. The performance of the subjects was scored to determine errors committed (defined relative to the Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm), time to initiation of positive pressure ventilation (PPV), and time to initiation of chest compressions (CC). Results In scenarios in which subjects were exposed to standardized communication techniques, there was a trend toward decreased error rate, time to initiation of PPV, and time to initiation of CC. While not statistically significant, there was a 1.7-second improvement in time to initiation of PPV and a 7.9-second improvement in time to initiation of CC. Conclusions Should these improvements in human performance be replicated in the care of real newborn infants, they could improve patient outcomes and enhance patient safety.

    View details for DOI 10.1055/s-0035-1565997

    View details for Web of Science ID 000372062200009

    View details for PubMedID 26485251

  • Analysis and classification of errors made by teams during neonatal resuscitation RESUSCITATION Yamada, N. K., Yaeger, K. A., Halamek, L. P. 2015; 96: 109-113
  • Impact of a novel decision support tool on adherence to Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm RESUSCITATION Fuerch, J. H., Yamada, N. K., Coelho, P. R., Lee, H. C., Halamek, L. P. 2015; 88: 52-56

    Abstract

    Studies have shown that healthcare professionals (HCPs) display a 16-55% error rate in adherence to the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) algorithm. The aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to the Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm by subjects working from memory as compared to subjects using a decision support tool that provides auditory and visual prompts to guide implementation of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm during simulated neonatal resuscitation.Healthcare professionals (physicians, nurse practitioners, obstetrical/neonatal nurses) with a current NRP card were randomized to the control or intervention group and performed three simulated neonatal resuscitations. The scenarios were evaluated for the initiation and cessation of positive pressure ventilation (PPV) and chest compressions (CC), as well as the frequency of FiO2 adjustment. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare a score measuring the adherence of the control and intervention groups to the Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm.Sixty-five healthcare professionals were recruited and randomized to the control or intervention group. Positive pressure ventilation was performed correctly 55-80% of the time in the control group vs. 94-95% in the intervention group across all three scenarios (p<0.0001). Chest compressions were performed correctly 71-81% of the time in the control group vs. 82-93% in the intervention group in the two scenarios in which they were indicated (p<0.0001). FiO2 was addressed three times more frequently in the intervention group compared to the control group (p<0.001).Healthcare professionals using a decision support tool exhibit significantly fewer deviations from the Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm compared to those working from memory alone during simulated neonatal resuscitation.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.12.016

    View details for Web of Science ID 000352508400023

  • On the need for precise, concise communication during resuscitation: a proposed solution. journal of pediatrics Yamada, N. K., Halamek, L. P. 2015; 166 (1): 184-187

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.09.027

    View details for PubMedID 25444016

  • The Neonatal Resuscitation Program: Current Recommendations and a Look at the Future INDIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Kumar, P., Yamada, N. K., Fuerch, J. H., Halamek, L. P. 2014; 81 (5): 473-480

    Abstract

    The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) consists of an algorithm and curriculum to train healthcare professionals to facilitate newborn infants' transition to extrauterine life and to provide a standardized approach to the care of infants who require more invasive support and resuscitation. This review discusses the most recent update of the NRP algorithm and recommended guidelines for the care of newly born infants. Current challenges in training and assessment as well as the importance of ergonomics in the optimization of human performance are discussed. Finally, it is recommended that in order to ensure high-performing resuscitation teams, members should be selected and retained based on objective performance criteria and frequent participation in realistic simulated clinical scenarios.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s12098-013-1332-0

    View details for Web of Science ID 000335739000011

    View details for PubMedID 24652267

  • When operating is considered futile: Difficult decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit SURGERY Yamada, N. V., Kodner, I. J., Brown, D. E. 2009; 146 (1): 122-125

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.surg.2009.03.029

    View details for Web of Science ID 000267498600015

    View details for PubMedID 19548365

  • Effect of antiplatelet therapy on thromboembolic complications of elective coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY Yamada, N. K., Cross, D. T., Pilgram, T. K., Moran, C. J., Derdeyn, C. P., Dacey, R. G. 2007; 28 (9): 1778-1782

    Abstract

    Thromboembolic events are the most common complications of elective coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. Administration of oral clopidogrel and/or aspirin could lower the thromboembolic complication rate.Records over a 10-year period were reviewed in a retrospective cohort study. For 369 consecutive elective coil embolization procedures, 25 patients received no antiplatelet drugs, 86 received antiplatelet drugs only after embolization, and 258 received antiplatelet drugs before and after embolization.Symptomatic thromboembolic complications (transient ischemic attack or stroke within 60 days) occurred in 4 (16%) of 25 when no antiplatelet drugs were given, in 2 (2.3%) of 86 when antiplatelet drugs were administered only after embolization, and in 5 (1.9%) of 258 when antiplatelet drugs were administered before and after embolization. The lower symptomatic thromboembolic complication rate in the patients who received any antiplatelet therapy was statistically significant (P = .004). Clots were visible intraprocedurally in 5 (4.5%) of 111 when no antiplatelet drugs were administered before procedures and in 4 (1.6%) of 258 when they were (P value not significant). None of the 9 was symptomatic postprocedurally, but 7 were lysed or mechanically disrupted. Extracerebral hemorrhagic complications occurred in 0 (0%) of 25 when no antiplatelet drugs were given and in 11 (3.2%) of 344 when they were (P value not significant).Oral clopidogrel and/or aspirin significantly lowered the symptomatic thromboembolic complication rate of elective coil embolization of unruptured cerebral aneurysms. There were trends toward a lower rate of intraprocedural clot formation in patients given antiplatelet drugs before procedures and a higher hemorrhagic complication rate in patients given antiplatelet drugs. Benefits of antiplatelet therapy appear to outweigh risks.

    View details for DOI 10.3174/ainr.A0641

    View details for Web of Science ID 000250312200035

    View details for PubMedID 17885244