School of Medicine
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Alex Macario MD MBA
Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine and, by courtesy, of Health Research and Policy at the Stanford University Medical Center
Current Research and Scholarly Interests Dr. Macario studies health care economics and outcomes, with a special focus on surgery and anesthesia. Dr. Macario is well known for helping develop the field of operating room management. He is also passionate about cost-effectiveness analyses of drugs and devices. For the past decade Dr. Macario has added research in medical education as a key focus to better understand methods to best teach students and residents.
Professor of Pediatrics (Infectious Diseases) and of Health Research and Policy
Current Research and Scholarly Interests My research focuses on epidemiologic aspects of viral vaccines and perinatal HIV infection. This includes the molecular epidemiology of factors affecting the immunogenicity of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in developing areas of the world, and now the epidemiology of transmission and circulation of vaccine derived polioviruses in order to assist in global eradication of polio. I also work in development of methods to prevent breastfeeding transmission of HIV in Africa.
Professor of Law and of Health Research and Policy
Bio Michelle Mello is a leading empirical health law scholar whose research is focused on understanding the effects of law and regulation on health care delivery and population health outcomes. She is the author of more than 130 articles and book chapters on the medical malpractice system, medical errors and patient safety, research ethics, regulation of pharmaceuticals, legal interventions to combat obesity and noncommunicable disease, and other topics. Her investigations into the dynamics of medical malpractice litigation, the effects of medical liability reforms, the ability of hospitals to shift costs of medical errors to others, and allocating responsibility for medical errors between hospital systems and individual physicians have been particularly important and impactful.
Mello’s publications appear in medical, health policy, and law journals, and she is a frequent contributor to the New England Journal of Medicine. Recent publications include “Prospects for Regulation of Off-Label Drug Promotion in an Era of Expanding Commercial Speech Protection,” North Carolina Law Review (2014); “Implementing Hospital-Based Communication-and-Resolution Programs: Lessons Learned in New York City,” Health Affairs (2014); “Survey Finds Public Support for Legal Interventions Directed at Health Behavior to Fight Noncommunicable Disease,” Health Affairs (2013); “Critical Opportunities for Public Health Law: A Call for Action,” American Journal of Public Health (2013); “High Physician Concern About Malpractice Risk Predicts More Aggressive Diagnostic Testing in Office-Based Practice,” Health Affairs (2013); and “Preparing for Responsible Sharing of Clinical Trial Data,” New England Journal of Medicine (2013).
In 2013, Mello was elected to the Institute of Medicine, one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine, in recognition of outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service. Mello’s work has also garnered the Alice S. Hersh New Investigator Award from AcademyHealth, the leading professional organization for health services and health policy research in the U.S.; a Greenwall Faculty Scholars Award in Bioethics; and a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy Research.
Mello, who holds a PhD in Health Policy and Administration as well as a JD, has a joint appointment at Stanford Law School and the Stanford School of Medicine in the Department of Health Research and Policy. She teaches public health law. Prior to joining Stanford in 2014, she was a Professor at the Harvard School of Public Health and Director of the School’s Program in Law and Public Health, as well as a Lab Fellow at Harvard’s Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics. She currently serves as a Key Consultant to the National Program Office of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s program in Public Health Law Research.