Clinical Focus

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Maternal Cardiac Disease
  • Maternal Auto-immune disorders
  • Multiple gestations
  • Maternal transplant patients

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • Board Certification: Maternal and Fetal Medicine, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2015)
  • Board Certification: Obstetrics and Gynecology, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2012)
  • MS, University of Utah, Masters of Science in Clinical Investigation (2012)
  • Fellowship:University of Utah School of Medicine (2012) UT
  • Residency:University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (2009) NC
  • Medical Education:University of Rochester School of Medicine (2005) NY


All Publications

  • Conservatively Managed Fetal Goiter: An Alternative to in utero Therapy FETAL DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY Blumenfeld, Y. J., Davis, A., Milan, K., Chueh, J., Hudgins, L., Barth, R. A., Hintz, S. R. 2013; 34 (3): 184-187


    Fetal goiter may arise from a variety of etiologies including iodine deficiency, overtreatment of maternal Graves' disease, inappropriate maternal thyroid replacement and, rarely, congenital hypothyroidism. Fetal goiter is often associated with a retroflexed neck and polyhydramnios, raising concerns regarding airway obstruction in such cases. Prior reports have advocated for cordocentesis and intra-amniotic thyroid hormone therapy in order to confirm the diagnosis of fetal thyroid dysfunction, reduce the size of the fetal goiter, reduce polyhydramnios, aid with the assistance of maternal thyroid hormone therapy and reduce fetal malpresentation. We report two cases of conservatively managed fetal goiter, one resulting in a vaginal delivery, and no evidence of postnatal respiratory distress despite the presence of polyhydramnios and a retroflexed neck on prenatal ultrasound. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    View details for DOI 10.1159/000353387

    View details for Web of Science ID 000326134700010